War of 1812 Timeline

1809

March 4
President James Madison inaugurated

War of 1812 Timeline - James Madison
President James Madison

1811

November 4
War Congress Convenes

November 7
Battle of Tippecannoe

1812

June 18
United States declares war on Great Britain

War of 1812 Timeline - Declaration of War
Click to enlarge document.

June – August
Baltimore Riots

July 1
United States doubles Customs Duties

July 12
General William Hull enters Canada

July 17
Fort Michilimackinac surrenders to the British

July 19
1st Battle of Sacket’s Harbor

August 15
Fort Dearborn massacre

August 16
General William Hull surrenders to General Isaac Brock at Detroit

October 13
General Isaac Brock is killed at the Battle of Queenston Heights

Battle of Queenston Heights

October 18
The Wasp defeats HMS Frolic
&
The Wasp captured by HMS Poictiers

October 25
The United States defeats HMS Macedonian

November
Madison wins reelection
&
British blockade South Carolina and Georgia

November 23
Americans retreat from eastern Canada

November 27
Americans attack outlying positions at Fort Erie

December 3
William Eustis resigns as Secretary of War

December 26
Great Britain proclaims blockade of Chesapeake and Delaware Bays

December 29
The Constitution defeats HMS Java
&
Paul Hamilton resigns as Secretary of the Navy

1813

January 12
William Jones assumes his duties as Secretary of the Navy

January 22
Battle of Frenchtown

January 23
River Raisin massacre

February 5
John Armstrong becomes Secretary of War

February 24
The Hornet defeats HMS Peacock

March
Captain David Porter of the Essex rounds Cape Horn and sails into the Pacific to prey upon British whaling ships

March 27
Oliver Hazard Perry arrives at Presque Isle, Pennsylvania, to assume responsibility for constructing a fleet on Lake Erie

March – December
British naval forces raid in the Chesapeake Bay area

March 30
British blockade extended from Long Island to the Mississippi

April 15
Americans occupy part of west Florida
&
Wilkinson occupies Mobile

April 27
Americans capture York (Toronto)

Death of General Pike at the Battle of York
Death of General Zebulon Pike at the Battle of York

May 1 – May 5
Siege of Fort Meigs

May 3
British burn Havre de Grace

May 26
British blockade additional middle and southern states

May 27
Americans capture Fort George

May 29
British forces repulsed at Sacket’s Harbor

Gen. Jacob Brown
General Jacob Brown, commander of American forces at Sacket’s Harbor

June 1
HMS Shannon defeats the Chesapeake

June 6
Detachment of Americans defeated at Stoney Creek

June 22
Battle of Norfolk

June 24
Battle of Beaver Dams

June 25
British attack Hampton

July 27
Battle of Burnt Corn

August 1
Major Croghan successfully defends Fort Stephenson against British attack

August 2
Battle of Fort Stephenson

August 4
Admiral Perry gets his fleet over the bar at Presque Isle and into Lake Erie

August 30
Fort Mims massacre

September 10
Battle of Lake Erie

Battle of Lake Erie

September 27
Harrison lands in Canada

October 5
Battle of the Thames

October 16-19
Battle of Leipzig

October 25-26
Battle of Chateauguay

November 3
Battle of Tallushatchee

November 4
Great Britain offers United States direct peace negotiations

November 9
Battle of Talladega

November 11
Battle of Chrysler’s Farm

November 16
British extend blockade to all middle and southern states

December 3 to February 5
Monroe serves as Secretary of War

December 10
Fort George evacuated and Newark burned by Americans

December 17
United States adopts embargo

December 18
Fort Niagara occupied by British

December 19-31
Lewiston, Fort Schlosser, Black Rock, and Buffalo destroyed by the British

Captain Oliver Hazard Perry, Portrait in oils by Edward L. Mooney
Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry
Commodore Perry flag

“Don’t Give Up the Ship.”the dying words of Captain James Lawrence, (USS Chesapeake.)  After Lawrence’s death, good friend and fellow officer, Oliver Hazard Perry, ordered a large blue battle ensign, stitched with this phrase in bold white letters. The Perry Flag was the battle flag on the Lawrence, and later was brought aboard Flagship Niagara during a victorious engagement against the British on Lake Erie in September 1813.

1814

January 22
Battle of Emuckfau

January 22
Battle of Emuckfau

January 24
Battle of Enotachopco

March 27-28
Battle of Horseshoe Bend

March 28
HMS Phoebe and HMS Cherub defeat the Essex

April 11
Napoleon abdicates French throne

April 14
United States repeals Embargo and Nonimportation Law

April 20
HMS Orpheus defeats the Frolic

April 25 – May 30
British extend blockade to New England

April 29
The Peacock defeats HMS Epervier

June 28
The Wasp II defeats HMS Reindeer

July – September
British occupy eastern Maine

Younger Scott
General Winfield Scott
“Old Fuss & Feathers”

July 3
Americans capture Fort Erie

July 5
Battle of Chippewa

July 25
Battle of Lundy’s Lane

August
United States public credit collapses
&
U.S banks suspend specie payments

August 8
Peace negotiations begin in Ghent
&
Great Britain outlines initial peace terms

August 9
The Creeks sign a treaty at Fort Jackson ceding much of their land

August 13 – September 21
Siege of Fort Erie

August 14
British occupy Pensacola

August 15
Battle of Fort Erie

August 19
British land near Benedict, Maryland

August 24
Battle of Bladensburg

August 24-25
British burn Washington

Burning of Washington 1814

August 28
British capture Alexandria, Virginia
&
Nantucket declares Neutrality

End of August
General George Prevost moves south toward Plattsburg

September 4
Armstrong resigns and Monroe takes over as Secretary of War

Armistead

September 11
Battle of Plattsbugh
&
Battle of Lake Champlain

Middle of September
Prevost retreats to Canada

September 12-16
British repulsed at Mobile

September 13-14
British bombard Fort McHenry, near Baltimore

September 14
Battle of North Point, near Baltimore
&
British abandon attempt to take Baltimore
&
Francis Scott Key writes the Star Spangled Banner

September 17
Americans sortie from Fort Erie

September 26
British squadron captures General Armstrong

October 21
Great Britain offers peace on basis of uti possidetis

November 5
Americans evacuate Fort Erie

November 7
Jackson seizes Pensacola

Andrew Jackson

November 11
Jackson returns to Mobile

November 22
Jackson leaves for New Orleans

November 25
British fleet sails from Jamaica for New Orleans

November 27
Great Britain drops the uti possidetis

December 14
British overwhelm American gunboats on Lake Borgne

December 15 – January 5
Hartford Convention

December 15 – February 27
United States adopts additional internal taxes

December 19
The Battle of Orleans, Massachusetts

December 23
British land their troops below New Orleans
&
General Andrew Jackson attacks in a surprise night battle

December 23 – January 1
Preliminary battles around New Orleans

Battle of New Orleans

December 24
Peace of Ghent signed

December 28
United States rejects conscription proposal

1815

January 8
Americans defeat British in the Battle of New Orleans

January 11
Battle of Point Peter, Georgia

February 4
United States adopts second enemy trade law

February 7
Battle of Ice Mound, Marland

February 11
Final Battle of the War of 1812
Battle of Fort Bowyer, Alabama

February 17
United States rejects National Bank proposal

Treaty of Ghent

February 17
Ratifications of the Peace Treaty exchanged and President Madison declares the war at an end