Welcome to the Oak Hill Chapter
State of Virginia Society
National Society United States Daughters of 1812
For more than a century, the members of the National Society United States Daughters of 1812, have dedicated themselves to patriotism, preservation of documents and relics, and education.
James Monroe (1758-1831), the fifth President of the United States, began the construction of Oak Hill, his Loudoun County home in Aldie, Virginia between 1820 and 1823. He lived here following his presidency until 1830, the year before he died. For the design of Oak Hill, Monroe sought ideas from both Thomas Jefferson and James Hoban, architect of the White House. The house was constructed by local builder William Benton, Its dominant architectural feature is the unusual pentastyle portico. It was here that Monroe drafted the Monroe Doctrine, a policy aimed to limit European expansion into the Western Hemisphere and assign the United States the role of protector of independent Western nations.
Oak Hill was sold after the death of James Monroe. It is a private residence and has increased in size. It is a designated National Historic Landmark and a monument to the last of the “Virginia Dynasty” of presidents.