Mrs. Reuben Ross Holloway

Mrs. Reuben Ross Holloway
Mrs. Reuben Ross Holloway

Did you know?  The effort to make the Star-Spangled Banner the official National Anthem of the United States began with the United States Daughters of 1812?

In 1918, Mrs. Reuben Ross Holloway, member of the National Society United States Daughters of 1812 and President of the Maryland State Society, led a campaign to make the Star-Spangled Banner the official National Anthem of the United States.  She approached many prominent persons and sought their support for the cause.  Mrs. Holloway sent U.S. Representative John Charles Linthicum of Maryland, a petition gathered by the Maryland State Society, United States Daughters of 1812.  The petition included signatures representing fifty-one individuals and forty-nine civic, fraternal, and patriotic societies.  Only a few of the supporters, including the State Librarian of Vermont and the State Registrar of the Arkansas State Society, Daughters of 1812, lived outside Maryland.  Representative Linthicum was the first to introduce a bill to Congress making the Star-Spangled Banner the National Anthem, however, the measure failed to gain much support.  Linthicum introduced similar petitions in every succeeding Congress.

In a continued effort to secure endorsements, help from other organizations joined in.  Other Congressmen also introduced bills to designate the National Anthem, without success.  Then, on January 30, 1930, representatives from more than sixty patriotic organizations gathered in Washington, D.C., to press for another version of the bill initially introduced by Maryland Representative Charles Linthicum.  Representative Linthicum’s bill finally passed in the House of Representatives on April 21, 1930, and in the Senate on March 3, 1931.  President Herbert Hoover signed it into law that same day designating the “Star-Spangled Banner” as the National Anthem of the United States of America.

Plaque honoring Mrs. Holloway
Mrs. William Gerry Slade
Notable Members
Honorary Members